In addition to the economic cost, there are significant psychological impacts on parents and carers [3, 4].
LSVRO incidents carry a significant risk of head and neck injury and have a high case fatality [5–8] with a l0-fold increase in mortality in children under 5 years of age .
They predominantly occur in nontraffic (off-road) settings, but not exclusively so, and as such have different antecedents to high-speed vehicle and traffic-related pedestrian injuries.
Investigation and reporting of off-road vehicular incidents vary by locality, and a lack of standardised definitions, coding, and reporting makes LSVRO incidents difficult to find in routine data sources.
Simply double-click the downloaded file to install it.
Update Star Free and Update Star Premium come with the same installer.
Update Star includes support for many languages such as English, German, French, Italian, Hungarian, Russian and many more.
You can choose your language settings from within the program.
For your knowledge, I have attached both Keller's and Padilla and Watson's papers.Paediatric Emergency Medicine Unit, Queensland Injury Surveillance Unit (QISU), Mater Health Services, Level 1 Whitty Building, Raymond Terrace, South Brisbane, QLD 4101, Australia Received 21 December 2012; Accepted 21 April 2013Academic Editor: Edward Y. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This study reviews modifiable risk factors associated with fatal and nonfatal injury from low-speed vehicle runover (LSVRO) incidents involving children aged 0–15 years. Electronic searches for child pedestrian and driveway injuries from the peer-reviewed literature and transport-related websites from 1955 to 2012. Low socioeconomic status and rental accommodation were also associated with LSVRO injury. The majority of reported incidents involved residential driveways, but several studies identified other traffic and nontraffic locations.Our experienced writers are professional in many fields of knowledge so that they can assist you with virtually any academic task.We deliver papers of different types: essays, theses, book reviews, case studies, etc.
Previous studies on child pedestrian injuries have identified specific contexts and antecedents relating to vehicular, environmental, and behavioural factors .